Recycling plastics back into oil: solutions available
With IMO 2020 coming on and growing demand for petrochemical products and low-sulphur fuel, downstream oil and gas companies are looking for the ways to cut down the costs. One of the possible solutions to the problem is recycling plastics back into oil. This would allow to solve two problems at a time by providing sustainable feedstock for the downstream industry and divesting plastic waste. According to the Science Advance 2017 study there had been 8.3 bln tons of plastics produced, of which 6.3 bln tons has become plastic waste, and only 9% of that has been recycled (source: advances.sciencemag.org).
There are quite a number of recycling technologies on the market: some produce synthetic crude oil, some turn plastics directly into fuel. Though some companies already implement these technologies at their production sites, they are not as widespread as we could imagine. Are there really operational and commercialized recycling solutions? The answer is “yes” and now is the right time for the companies to take a closer look at this trend: here I will analyse the recycling projects and solutions by different providers and companies in terms of how they work and develop.
RT7000 by Recycling Technologies
RT7000 production unit applies thermal cracking to break waste plastics into fractions called Plaxx which can be used as low sulphur fuel oil and petrochemical feedstock, with 85% conversion rate. At the moment, RT7000 is presented at the Recycling Technologies’ facility in Swindon, UK, with plans to install 1700 units and reach 7 mln tpa capacity by 2027.
Cat-HTR (Catalytic Hydrothermal Reactor) by Licella Holdings
Plastic conversion system by Renewlogy
ChemCycling by BASF
Thermochemical recycling process applied in ChemCycling converts mixed and contaminated waste plastics into oil or syngas that goes further as feedstock for refining and petrochemical production. Now this technology is implemented at the BASF Verbund production sites, with such companies as Jaguar Land Rover, Storopack, Südpack and Schneider Electric having already tested ChemCycling’s product in their business.
ReOil by OMV
OMV uses ReOil technology based on thermal cracking that transforms plastic wastes into gas and synthetic crude oil. Recycling products can then be used as a raw material for refining and petrochemical processes providing sustainable feedstock for downstream operations. With a pilot ReOil plant operating at the OMV’s Schwechat refinery, this technology is to reach the industrial scale by 2025.
Recycling integration could lead to essential CO2 emission reduction and cost cuts together with sustainable feedstock and environment preservation. However these technologies are relatively new to the market and require understanding of how they work and how to integrate them in the existing production process.
Article by: Regina Chislova, Project director of PRC Europe.
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